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Dandruff vs. Dry Scalp: What’s the Difference and How to Treat Them

Today, I’m diving into a common but often confusing topic: dandruff vs. dry scalp. If you’ve ever wondered why your scalp is flaky and what you can do about it, keep reading – I’m here to help!


What’s Going On Up There?

First off, let’s break down what we’re dealing with. Dandruff and dry scalp can both cause those pesky flakes, but they stem from different issues and require different treatments. Let’s get to the root of the problem (pun totally intended).


Dry Scalp: The Basics

Dry scalp happens when your scalp lacks enough moisture. This can lead to itching, irritation, and those annoying white flakes. It’s similar to dry skin you might get on other parts of your body and can be caused by:


Cold Weather: Winter air can strip moisture from your scalp.

Harsh Hair Products: Some shampoos and styling products can be too drying.

Hot Showers: While a hot shower feels great, it can dry out your skin and scalp.


Dandruff: The Basics

Dandruff, on the other hand, is caused by an overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia. This leads to an oily scalp with larger, yellowish flakes. Contributing factors include:


Oily Skin: Excess oil can feed the Malassezia fungus.

Not Shampooing Enough: This allows oil and skin cells to build up.

Sensitivity to Hair Products: Some ingredients can exacerbate dandruff.


How to Tell the Difference

So, how can you tell if you’re dealing with dandruff or a dry scalp? Here are a few clues:


Flake Size and Colour: Dry scalp flakes are usually smaller and white, while dandruff flakes are larger and yellowish.


Scalp Condition: If your scalp feels dry and tight, it’s likely a dry scalp. If it’s oily and you have larger flakes, it’s probably dandruff.


Itching and Redness: Both can cause itching, but dandruff is more likely to cause redness and inflammation.


Treatment Tips for Dry Scalp

If you suspect a dry scalp, here’s how to bring back the moisture:


Moisturizing Shampoo and Conditioner: Look for products designed for dry scalp and avoid those with harsh sulfates.

Scalp Treatments: Use hydrating scalp treatments or oils, like coconut or jojoba oil, to nourish your scalp.

Gentle Hair Care: Avoid hot water and reduce the use of heat styling tools.


Treatment Tips for Dandruff

For dandruff, you’ll need to take a different approach:


Anti-Dandruff Shampoo: Use a shampoo containing ingredients like zinc pyrithione, ketoconazole, or selenium sulfide.

Regular Washing: Keep your scalp clean to reduce oil build-up.

Avoid Irritants: Be mindful of hair products that can trigger dandruff, like those with strong fragrances or alcohol.


When to See a Professional

If you’ve tried these tips and still can’t get your scalp under control, it might be time to see a professional. Persistent dandruff or scalp issues can sometimes indicate other skin conditions like psoriasis or eczema. At Medlocks Hair Design, I’m always here to help and can recommend treatments or refer you to a dermatologist if needed.


I hope this chat has helped clear up the confusion between dandruff and dry scalp. Remember, understanding the root cause is the first step to getting your scalp healthy and flake-free. Have more questions or need personalised advice? Drop me a message or give me a call – I’m always here to help you put your best hair forward!



A woman showing her hair after a cut & blowdry


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